Australia its history and other information
Australia, its history and location.
Australia, legally known as the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country that is one of the territory of Oceania. It’s the major continental mass that occupies the Sahul platform and is also between the Antartic Indian And Pacific Glaciers Oceans; it is separated from Asia by the oceans of Timor And Arafura. It borders on the countries Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the northern part, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the French dependency of New Caledonia to the northeast, and New Zealand To The Southeast Region.
How does historic past of Australia start?
Historical past of Australia goes back to when men came on its land the first time. Australian aborigines arrived by boat from the southeast of the Eurasian continent approximately 60,000 years ago, however, the particular date is in debate considering that Australian history is thought to be several years more intensive since there are no writings of human being activities before contact with Europeans. And, likewise, around 1,000,000 aborigines already lived in the area when they colonized it.
It is said that Australia had been found in the Sixteenth century through Spanish and Portuguese sailors, but they kept the information secret for strategic factors. After that, Dutch explorers made the first sighting a hundred years after. However, they considered it an uninhabitable land that was not appropriate for colonization and left free passage to later British “”.
Captain James Cook.
Though there had been some other European expeditions before, what is considered as the most complete discovery of Australia was carried out in the 18th century by the English captain James Cook, who arrived in 1770, claimed the area for the English crown and took possession of the Southeast of the tropical island in the name of the king of England.
Cook’s findings and the acknowledgement of his studies by English authorities, granted the very first European settlement on the continent, so it is typical to hear that Cook is the great discoverer the southern alnd, even though the real breakthrough discovery happened over 160 years prior to his journey.
England was particularly interested in Australia since they found it as a potential answer to the problem of overpopulation they dealt with at that time because of the loss of the THIRTEEN American colonies and it was considered to move a part of its people there. For that reason, on March 13, 1787, eleven First Navy ships left Portsmouth, England, towards Botany Bay, Australia ( *More on: https://getyoureta.info/). In that way, colonists came and also populated the location while displacing aborigines due to the confiscation of the lands and illnesses.
It became a Federation.
When the 20th century arrived, Australia did not exist as a country: it contained a conglomerate of colonies or autonomous states. But in 1901, the 6 different state governments agreed in a referendum to become a federation and they chose the typical flag that nowadays remains the flag of Australia.
Following the development of Australia as a nation, it was meant to enforce a law on immigration control. However, when World War II concluded, several migrants coming from various places found its way to the nation and, at present, it has become the home of folks from several parts of the world.